720 XTF Search Results (subject=essay;subject-join=exact;smode=simple;brand=default;f1-date=1805);subject-join%3Dexact;smode%3Dsimple;brand%3Ddefault;f1-date%3D1805 Results for your query: subject=essay;subject-join=exact;smode=simple;brand=default;f1-date=1805 Wed, 14 Jan 2009 12:00:00 GMT Alliance between Poverty and Genius. Brown, Charles Brockden THE truest stimulus to literary efforts, in writing, it has been long ago observed, is necessity. The most ingenious and eloquent of mor- tals is silent, when relieved from the necessity of writing for bread. This has been a very prevalent opinion, and yet it is either groundless, or it admits of a considerable number of exceptions. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT American Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden THE design of republishing Col- lections of the Massachusetts Histo- rical Society, which had been relin- quished for want of encouragement, is resumed. The expence will be defrayed by the funds of the society, who will trust to the sale of the work for a reimbursement. It is intended to reprint, at present, the three first volumes only, which are out of print. The first numbers of this valuable work, which were ori- ginally published in the American Apollo, can now be found only in the library of the society, or in the few sets owned by the members. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT American Prospects. Brown, Charles Brockden I HAVE often heard it observed by travellers, that America contained nothing of the picturesque. This is very unaccountable. That part of the picturesque which arises from the elaborate arrangements of art, and especially from the architectural monuments of ancient times, it is true, we do not possess. No crum- bling walls are scattered over our vallies; no ivy-clad tower reposes on the brow of our hills. How much the imagination is inspired by these memorials of former gene- rations, with what solemn and en- nobling elevation they fill the mind, are easily conceived, and these ad- juncts are certainly wanting to the scenes of our country. Those who are accustomed to see nature con- stantly accompanied by ancient tur- rets or modern obelisks, by palaces and spires, by artificial lakes and water-falls, grow fastidious. The face of uncultivated nature, which contains no vestige of other times, nothing to hint of battles, sieges, or murder, is to them dreary, blank, and insipid. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT Arabia Felix. Brown, Charles Brockden ALL ideas of merit are said to be comparative. Hence it is, that to comprehend one who endeavours to convey an idea of places or per- sons, in general terms, we must be thoroughly acquainted with the his- tory of the describer. His judgment of what is great or little, good or bad, beautiful or ugly, is under the influence of his own experience.—— That is remarkably large, which exceeds in bulk any thing of the same kind he ever saw before, though to others it may be remark- ably little, for a similar reason. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Balloon and Telegraph. Brown, Charles Brockden WHEN great changes or disco- veries are effected, men find it diffi- cult to put themselves into that state, and recal to their imagina- tion that view of things which ex- isted previous to such changes or discoveries. The actual steps in that revolution being slow, succes- sive, and many, the mind proceeds to the distant goal without difficulty or surprise. We arrive at a cer- tain point without any extraordinary emotion, and all around us appears familiar and plain. And yet, pre- viously to our setting out upon our journey, had some power lifted us suddenly to a great height, and af- forded us a clear view of the point we were destined to reach, conceal- ing from us, at the same time, all the intermediate steps, we should feel raptures of delight and wonder, and nothing but prophetic assuran- ces could bring the attainment of such a point within the verge of possibility. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT A Case of Murder. Brown, Charles Brockden AUSTERE moralists are inclin- ed to consider drunkenness as a crime to be punished by human tribunals, but this system, if adopt- ed, would involve law-makers and judges in very great difficulties. They would find it impossible to form an adequate scale applicable to the offence. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT Ciceronians. Brown, Charles Brockden THE ruling passion of Cicero was undoubtedly the love of fame. To this he was ready to sacrifice every other consideration. The images of future glory seem to have always occupied his fancy, and he wrote and spoke, doubtless, in some degree, for the sake of present and temporary purposes, but chiefly for the sake of a lasting reputation with posterity. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Circulation of Newspapers. Brown, Charles Brockden IT is stated, in a late number of the Moniteur, that of that official paper 3,000, of the Publiciste 2,900, of the Journal de Paris 2,800, of the Journal des Debats (which is most favourable to the ancient order of things) 6,000, of the Clef des Cabi- nets 11,000, of the Citoyen Francais 1,200, of the Journal des Defenseurs de la Patrie 1,000, of the Décade Philosophique 900, and of the Eng- lish newspaper called the Argus 720 copies are sold. Mon, 01 Jul 1805 12:00:00 GMT Classical Learning no Anti-Christian Tendency. Brown, Charles Brockden IN a former number of your work, you ventured to insert some remarks upon the tendency of clas- sical learning to supplant the belief of christianity, by that of the old pagan divinities. The writer seems reasonably enough to conclude, that, though this effect might have taken place when the pagan and christian religions were contending, as during the third and fourth centuries, for the mastery, it is wholly impossible at present. A shrewd writer, in your last number, undertakes to question this inference, but, to me, the arguments and examples he pro- duces seem rather to strengthen than invalidate the conclusion of his adversary. Sun, 01 Sep 1805 12:00:00 GMT Comparative State of Philadelphia. Brown, Charles Brockden WE can only judge of cities as of all other things, by comparison. Philadelphia has many advantages, and no doubt disadvantages, but its merit on the whole will be great or little on account of the particular circumstances of the city with which we compare it. I cannot but rejoice that I am a resident of Philadelphia, after reading the following details of some other cities. A traveller, who was obliged to travel from Bay- enne to Lisbon by land, gives the fol- lowing sketch of the Portuguese metropolis. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Connecticut Scenery. From a Traveller's Journal. Brown, Charles Brockden ON Wednesday, Mr. D—— and myself on horseback, and my friend and A—— in a chaise, visited two lofty points in the neighbourhood of this city (Middletown), called Higby's mountain and Powder hill. The first is ascended by a winding and craggy road, leading through a forest of shrub-oaks and cedars. The opposite side is a steep and rugged cliff, the height of which it is difficult to ascertain. This cliff, whose descent is, in many places, perpendicular, forms a kind of wall, from the foot of which there stretches a scene of magnificent extent, and delicious variety. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Critical Remarks on Austin's Letters from London. Brown, Charles Brockden MR. AUSTIN is a politician. He is one of those who annex great importance to forms of go- vernment, and suppose most of the vices and virtues, evils and felicities of mankind to arise from their poli- tical condition. He is a friend to the democratic system, and thinks the American constitution not only best in itself, but to be best adminis- tered by those who hold the public offices, and bear legislative sway, at present. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT Critical Remarks on Buchan's Advice to Mothers. Brown, Charles Brockden THIS performance is one of the most useful and agreeable that could have been transplanted to our soil. The author is an old man, but he writes in an entertaining and per- suasive, and even in an elegant manner. The work is entirely free from technical obscurity, or sci- etific method. It is written to in- struct, and, for that purpose, endea- vours to engage the attention of that sex, whose interests he takes into his care. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Criticism. Brown, Charles Brockden THE author builds the reasonings and exhortations of these pages on the well-known counsel given to Job by his wife. After some judicious remarks on the conduct and charac- ter of Job, he proceeds to define the crime of suicide, in a much larger sense than is commonly assigned to it, and in such a sense as will greatly extend the application and utility of the lessons which these discourses convey. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT Description of Cohoes Falls. From a Manuscript Journal. Brown, Charles Brockden July, 1803. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT A Description of New Orleans. Brown, Charles Brockden NEW ORLEANS has become of so much importance by its transfer to the United States, and by being the resort of so many adventurers from the Atlantic coast, that we may naturally feel some curiosity respecting its real condition. Mon, 01 Jul 1805 12:00:00 GMT Divisions of the Year. Brown, Charles Brockden THE present most awkward and absurd division of the year into months of unequal duration was first introduced by Julius Cæsar, and has prevailed ever since: a memorable proof of the inveterate obstinacy of custom. The Roman calendar was found by Cæsar in a most disorder- ly state, and he applied to Egypt, the land of sages, for the means of reformation. He appears, howe- ver, to have borrowed nothing from Egypt, but the duration of the year. The rational division of it in- to twelve months, of thirty days each, with five festival days (six every fourth year) subjoined to the last, the mode of the Egyptians, was not adopted. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT Don Quixote. Brown, Charles Brockden DR. WARTON, in his Essay on Pope, observes, that the dialogue in the Essay on Criticism, between the poet and the mad knight, is not taken from the Don Quixote of Cervantes, but from one that is commonly called a continuation of it, and which was, in fact, written after the publication of the first part, and before the second part appear- ed. For this reason, and some others, this performance, though in- ferior to the work of Cervantes, deserves more attention than is usually given to it. It is said to have been written by a person nam- ed Alonso Fernandes d'Avellanada; but this is supposed to be a fictitious name. This book was translated into French by Le Sage, a proof that he thought it not destitute of merit: there is likewise an En- glish version, by one Baker; and Cervantes himself alludes to it, se- veral times, in the second part of his own Don Quixote, particularly in chapters LIX and LXXII. One circumstance, indeed, renders this book a literary curiosity: the great probability that i... Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT [D]uties [sic] of Editors. Brown, Charles Brockden I AM a warm well-wisher to your work, and am sorry that it does not seem to have attained a popularity and circulation quite as extensive as I think it merits. I have been casting about a good deal to divine the cause of this, and being unwilling to impute it to any defi- ciency, either of real merit in your- self, or of penetration or munifi- cence in the public, I am inclined to ascribe it to the neglect of certain arts, by which the respect and at- tention of the world is much more certainly won than by any solid ex- cellence. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction and Response to] Marvellous Stories. Brown, Charles Brockden IGNORANCE, they say, is the mother of credulity; but I think this maxim is a false one. It is the characteristic of human nature to discredit what is opposite to our own observation or experience.— Whether this observation and ex- perience be narrow or extensive, we are equally disposed to deny credit to that which contradicts it. Perhaps it is the natural conse- quence of enlarged knowledge to produce credulity, or a disposition to admit, if not the truth, yet, at least, the likelihood or possibility of facts, not enforced by the strongest testimony, though such facts do not coincide with our own experience. The more we know, the larger are the limits of possibility. Every new fact or appearance is, of course, not coincident with previous knowledge, and seems to allow us to conjecture the possibility or existence of things, as remote from the fact just known, as this fact is from what was previ- ously known. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Dr. Franklin's Junto. Brown, Charles Brockden THE following set of rules, form- ed by Dr. Franklin, for a club, founded by himself, may probably not be yet entirely worn out of the memory and affections of some men still living. Sun, 01 Dec 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Employment of a Cure for Lunacy. Brown, Charles Brockden IT may be very wise in most cases, and in some cases absolutely necessary, to shut up maniacs alone, in naked, gloomy, noisome cells, and to consign them to total inacti- vity. One, who is no physician, can hardly fail of condemning such modes of treatment. We know that these circumstances would make a sound man crazy. It is hard to be- lieve them capable of making a crazy man sound. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Female Authorship. An Example. Brown, Charles Brockden THE great number of females who at present in Great Britain pur- sue writing for a subsistence is a re- markable circumstance in the pic- ture of our own times. One is natu- rally inquisitive into the destinies and motives of these unaccustomed votaries of literature. I have, how- ever, never met with any authentic detail of the life of any of these lite- rary ladies, except the following, which contains so many striking and affecting, and yet natural circum- stances, as to induce me to repeat it. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] German Cemeteries. Brown, Charles Brockden Mon, 01 Jul 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Life of the Student. Brown, Charles Brockden In an essay, by Dr. Hawkesworth, in which he has happily imitated the style of his illustrious associate, he has no less successfully exposed the vulgar error, that the life of a student is a life of ease and indo- lence. There are few opinions more specious to the careless ob- server, and yet there is none more lamentably false. They who listen with rapture, in the short intervals of leisure which they enjoy from a laborious business, to the soft har- mony of Pope, or the majestic pe- riod of Johnson, imagine it the in- spiration of a willing muse. But that the fact is not so, the furrowed brow and the enfeebled frame of the student daily evince. Those happy expressions which sparkle as the effusions of the moment, are really produced by the most elabo- rate thought, and are not presented to the reader until they have under- gone an anxious and painful revi- sion. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Literary Fashion. Brown, Charles Brockden THE caprices and revolutions in literary taste form a subject of curious speculation. How many works and how many authors owe their popularity to fashion! The popularity of truly meritorious works is entirely owing to fashion, for some time, at least, after their publication. Perhaps the endurance of this popularity may be admitted as the test of merit. That popular approbation is governed almost wholly by caprice or fashion is a truth well known to booksellers. The following anecdote will show how little we are able before hand to distinguish the public pulse with accuracy: Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] On the Character of Sir William Jones. Brown, Charles Brockden THERE are few men of the pre- sent age, to whose memory more love and admiration have been paid than to that of sir William Jones. There is a kind of competition among his survivors, which shall be most lavish of his veneration. While his erudition excites the astonish- ment of some, his poetical genius awakens the idolatry of others. The eloquent praise of a third set of ad- mirers is called forth by his legal and political pre-eminence; while a fourth bestows upon his head the honours due to the patriot and phi- lanthropist, the friend of his God and of mankind. His great literary reputation would atone for many social and moral defects; but sir William Jones was no less eminent for the integrity, purity, and mild- ness of his private manners, than for the extent and variety of his intel- lectual attainments. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] On the Culture of the Sugar Maple. Brown, Charles Brockden IMMENSE sums of money are sent to the West Indies for sugar. From experience, it has been found to be a wholesome and nutritious ar- ticle of diet. A species of the Ame- rican maple contains genuine sugar, and, if properly prepared, would, in every respect, equal, in all its qua- lities, the sugar obtained from the cane in the West Indies. For su- gar, like water, is of one original species only. Its variety depends upon its being more or less mixed with other matters, all of which may be separated by easy processes. The maple not only affords an ex- cellent sugar, but a pleasant molas- ses, and agreeable beer, a strong sound wine, and an excellent vinegar. Mon, 01 Jul 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Particulars of the Mediterranean Trade. Brown, Charles Brockden THE following hints respecting the trade of the Mediterranean, though originally suggested by an English merchant, may gratify the curiosity, if not promote the advan- tage of the merchants of America. Fri, 01 Nov 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Petrifaction. Brown, Charles Brockden ONE of the most marvellous tales in the Arabian library relates to a pe- trified community in the deserts of Africa; and yet it is not in the records of invention only that these wonderful tales are to be found. Mineralogists will furnish many instances deliver- ed as authentic, quite as incredible as any which romance affords. For an example, we are told by Baptista Fulgosus, Ludovicus Moscardus, and Theodorus Moretus, that a whole ship, with its anchors, broken masts, and forty mariners, with their mer- chandize, were found, in the year 1460, in a mine fifty fathom deep, in the neighbourhood of Berne, in Switzerland. Valchius, in his com- mentary on the Klein Baur, tell us of a truly curious fossil man, found at Maria Kirch, near Strasburgh, by a miner, who, breaking open the hollow of a rock, was astonished at beholding the figure of an armed man, standing upright, now compo- sed of a mass of silver, of five hun- dred pounds weight. There are many other wonderful tales in store, of flocks of cattle, of lar... Sun, 01 Sep 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Situations of Coal. Brown, Charles Brockden THE attention of the public seems lately to have been pretty much excited by the uses of coal. This substance will, in no long time, become our only or principal fuel, and our diligence will, of course, be directed towards procuring a sup- ply of it from our own stores. The following symptoms by which we may judge of the presence of coal, and rules by which we may regu- late ourselves in search of that use- ful product, may not be unservice- able or unseasonable. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] The Iron Mask. Brown, Charles Brockden THERE are few readers who have not heard of the man in the iron mask, and who have not felt their curiosity deeply interested in the solution of that famous mystery. The best account of this extraordi- nary personage has been published by Soulavie, in his memoirs of Riche- lieu. The solution he gives is wor- thy, in its importance and dignity, of the mystery to which it relates. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] The Sacred and Profane Writers Compared. Brown, Charles Brockden I HAVE been much pleased with the perusal of a work lately publish- ed in Europe, the intention of which is to exhibit parallel sentiments and images in the holy scriptures, and in the Greek and Roman writers. It was written by the late Rev. Mr. Bulkley, an eminent dissenting mi- nister, in pursuance of a conviction which he took peculiar delight in cherishing: that the moral and re- ligious truths contained in the scrip- tures, are congenial with the feel- ings of all pure and enlightened minds. By depicting this harmony between the light of nature and of revelation, the pious author intended to enforce upon the minds of read- ers, not unprejudiced, the stability and universality of those principles to which the christian revelation has lent a new and powerful sanc- tion. The following passages are taken from this book, and will pro- bably please, as well as inform, ma- ny of your graver readers. Sun, 01 Dec 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] Vaccination Vindicated. Brown, Charles Brockden IT appears that some unfavoura- ble rumours respecting the efficacy of vaccination have lately prevailed in England, and as such rumours cannot fail to have reached Ame- rica, the publication of the following reports of the vaccine pock institu- tion must be highly acceptable. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Introduction to] William Eaton. Brown, Charles Brockden THE war of Tripoli is one of the most considerable political events which has occurred, in relation to the United States, for some years. The following letter, which throws considerable light upon that event, and especially on the character of one, who formed a very conspicuous part in it, is highly worthy of pre- servation. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Response to] Impropriety of Burying in Churches. Brown, Charles Brockden IN the Voyages and Travels of Dr. Hasselquist, a Swedish physi- cian, he observes, concerning burials in churches and towns: “The bu- rying-places of the Turks are hand- some and agreeable, which is owing chiefly to the many fine plants that grow in them, and which they care- fully place over their dead. The Turks are much more consistent than the Christians, when they bury their dead without the town, and plant over them such vegetables as by their aromatic and balsamic smell can drive away the fatal odours with which the air is filled in such places. I am persuaded that by this they escape many mis- fortunes which affect Christians, from wandering and dwelling conti- nually among the dead.” Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Response to] On the Progress of Nautical Science. Brown, Charles Brockden There have been in Europe two great nautical schools, the Medi- terranean and the Baltic. In the first, a calm sea, the art of ship building was a continual improve- ment of the oar-raft, a coasting navigation, the practice of the mari- ners; and the port-customs, and the maritime terms and laws, all wear marks of this original charac- ter. In the second, a stormy sea, the art of ship-building was a gra- dual evolution of the sail-raft; an open navigation, from the earliest times, was preferred; and the usages, phraseology, the code of regulations, are all tinctured by a corresponding spirit. The common and statute law of sea matters handed down by tradition, and by the Rho- dian code from the ancients, was gradually modified into that system of regulations known by the name of “Il Consulato del Mare,” which received the papal sanction in 1075, was re-enacted in most of the sea ports of the Mediterranean, but not till 1162 at Marseilles, and was first printed at Barcelona in 1502. This work has been translate... Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Response to] Sketches of Some Recent Novels. Brown, Charles Brockden INOFFENSIVENESS is the only praise which the fair author of The Lake of Killarney claims to her- self. It is represented to have been written during the languid hours of an infirm state of health, for amuse- ment rather than for fame; and it is now offered to the public, not for their criticism, but to afford them an opportunity of partaking in the pleasure which the writer derived from the composition of the work. Under this information, it would be ungallant to exercise any severity; on the contrary, many parts of this novel claim more than the praise of inoffensiveness, for they are pleasing and well written, though the thread which connects the story together does not continually serve to conduct the reader along through the wind- ing paths. This defect may arise from the state of the author's health, which probably interrupted the chain of ideas, and weakened their mutual dependance on each other. Sun, 01 Sep 1805 12:00:00 GMT [Editor's Response to] The Latest Evidence Concerning the Authority of Ossian's Poems. Brown, Charles Brockden NO well-informed person now pretends that Ossian is a historical authority, or that a collection of Gaelic poems any where exists, of which Macpherson's version is a faithful, or even a loose translation. But there no doubt existed, before the times of Macpherson, a sort of general basis of tradition, on which the poems, whether collected or com- posed by himself, appear to have been founded. Fri, 01 Nov 1805 12:00:00 GMT Education in Scotland. Brown, Charles Brockden IT is somewhat remarkable, that in those civilized countries whose climate is most cheerless, and soil most rude, knowledge and genuine refinement should be more tho- roughly established, and more ex- tensively diffused than elsewhere. Thus, in Europe, if we would seek for the greatest and most general intellectual cultivation, we must not turn our eyes to Italy, or Portugal, or Spain, and not even to Hungary, Provence, or South Britain, but to the frosty regions of Denmark and Sweden, and especially to the bleak hills of Scotland. The establish- ments for public education in Scot- land, seem to excel those of all other nations, not only in their methods of instruction, but in their number and diffusion. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT Foreign Intelligence, Literary and Philosophical. Brown, Charles Brockden MR. CARR, author of the Stran- ger in France, and other works, having, during the last summer, visited Denmark, Sweden, and Rus- sia, and made a circuit of the Baltic, intends to favour the world with an account of his travels, accompanied by various engravings from his own drawings. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Foreign News, Literary and Philosophical. Brown, Charles Brockden MR. ARTHUR YOUNG intends in future to publish his valuable agricultural journal, the Annals of Agriculture, quarterly instead of monthly. The numbers will ap- pear on the first days of June, Sep- tember, December, and March, of every year, making one volume an- nually of original agricultural infor- mation, which must be invaluable to every practical farmer and man of landed property in the British em- pire. The monthly publications of this work already extend to forty- three volumes; and the whole forms a complete library of agricul- tural knowledge. Mon, 01 Jul 1805 12:00:00 GMT French Revolutionary Epochas. Brown, Charles Brockden THE French revolution having now apparently drawn to a close, it may not be uninteresting to take a short view of the revolutionary epochas. Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT Goldsmith and Johnson. Brown, Charles Brockden GOLDSMITH appears to enjoy as large a share of critical venera- tion as any writer of his age. His laurels, indeed, grow brighter with time, and his power to instruct and amuse will probably increase as years roll on, and one generation follows another. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Government of Louisiana, as Organized by Law. Brown, Charles Brockden THE executive power is vested in a governor, to reside in the ter- ritory, and hold his office three years, unless sooner removed by the president of the United States. He is commander in chief of the mili- tia; superintendant, ex officio, of Indian affairs; and appoints all offi- cers in the same, below the rank or general officers; has power to grant pardons for offences against the same, and reprieves for those against the United States, till the decision of the president is known. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Henriade. Brown, Charles Brockden I believe the French have few works which they value so highly as the Henriade. The extravagant praises which have been lavished upon it by the king of Prussia, M. Marmontel, and Cocchi, have in- duced me to read it. I need scarcely add, how amply my trouble was compensated. What, asks the last of these panegyrists, can be more interesting than to see a rebellion stifled, the legitimate heir of a throne combating in support of his title, obliged even to besiege his rebellious capital, and yet displaying in all his actions the enterprize, the valour, the prudence, and the generosity of a hero. It is true, that in his poem Voltaire has taken some slight liber- ties with historical facts; but, not- withstanding these events are recent and notorious, still the ingenuity of the poet has given them such an appearance of probability, that their deviation from the strict line of truth ought not to be regarded by a reader accustomed to consider a poem only as an imitation of nature, and composed of ingenious fictions. Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT History and Culture of the Coffee. Brown, Charles Brockden THE plant was from Africa, and was brought from Abyssinia in the 14th century. Its properties were discovered by accident in feeding animals, and its use began in Ara- bia in the 15th century. The Ara- bians had it from Persia. It was first taken to prevent sleep, then for the head, and then for pleasure. It was at Marseilles in 1657, but not much used. It reached Paris about 1669. Since 1685, it has been freely used in London, but more gradually in Spain and Italy. To the Holland- ers Europe is indebted for the culti- vation of coffee. They carried it from Moka to Batavia, from Batavia to the gardens of Amsterdam. In 1714, Louis XIV received several plants from Amsterdam for the royal gar- den. Thence Desclieux carried some plants to Martinico, in 1728, though several had been carried thither in 1726. In 1722, it was cultivated in Cayenne, without liberty to export it, and thence was carried to Mar- tinico. It was early in Jamaica, and in 1740 at Cuba. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Humphrey's Works. Brown, Charles Brockden THE Miscellaneous Works of David Humphreys, Esq., Minister Extraordinary to the Court of Ma- drid, have been lately republished in New York. Most of the poetical pieces contained in this volume were written and published either during the American war, or shortly after its termination. Their merit, there- fore, has long ago been settled by the public opinion. Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT Influence of Religion on Happiness. Brown, Charles Brockden WHETHER happiness or misery occupies the heaviest scale, in the balance of human experience, is a question that will never be univer- sally decided. The tribe of bene- volent philosophers fancy that the good greatly predominates, and draw inferences from the wonder-work- ing power of habit, not only to equa- lize the goods of every condition in human life, but almost to annihilate the evils. Wealth, they say, is ac- companied with its train of peculiar evils, and poverty by a numerous company of benefits, to which po- verty alone gives a claim. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Is a Free or Despotic Government Most Friendly to Human Happiness. Brown, Charles Brockden A FEW years ago, this would have been thought a most absurd, as well as impudent question. It would have been deemed an insult to the common understanding of every man born in Great Britain or America, to suppose this question susceptible of doubt or controversy. A revolution has certainly been ef- fected in many minds, with regard to this question, within the last fif- teen years. Many of those, who once considered the superiority of political freedom as a point alto- gether beyond dispute, and as sup- ported, not only by intuitive, self- evident truth, but by the loud and uniform attestation of experience, have now gone over to the opposite opinion. Many have, at least, found their convictions shaken, and if they have not entirely abjured their an- cient creed, begin, at least, to per- ceive that the truth of it is not quite as clear as they once imagined. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Job Strutt. No. I. Brown, Charles Brockden I WANT a name for her, said my friend Mrs. M........, when asked the name of a little thing which she had ushered into existence a few weeks before. Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Latest Literary and Philosophical Intelligence from Europe. Brown, Charles Brockden WILLIAM GODWIN, author of the Life of Chaucer, has under- taken to compile a History of Eng- land, from the earliest records of events in that island to the revolu- tion in 1688, to be written on a scale not smaller than that of the History of England, during the same period, by Hume. Sun, 01 Sep 1805 12:00:00 GMT Law of Nations. Brown, Charles Brockden A GREAT many grave treatises have been written on the law of na- tions, and the writers have probably fancied themselves usefully employ- ed while writing them. They have, indeed, contributed not a little to our entertainment and instruction, by collecting a great number of his- torical anecdotes. But nothing can be more preposterous that their at- tempt to extract from these anec- dotes a rule for the future govern- ment of nations in their mutual in- tercourse. Nothing can be more absurd than for a private person, in his closet, to lay down a law for the regulation of neighbouring and rival states. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT List of New Publications in March & Notes from the Editor. Brown, Charles Brockden Authors and publishers are requested to communicate notices of their works, post paid, and they will always be inserted, free of expence. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Blunders. Brown, Charles Brockden GEOGRAPHICAL errors are more common in books than any other kind of errors. This is not surprising, when we reflect on the infinite variety and number of par- ticulars of which geography consists. On this account, a writer may be reasonably excused if, on some occa- sions, he should place an inland town on the sea-side, or remove a country a few hundred miles further from some other country than na- ture has done. But these errors will be entitled to less excuse, when we reflect on the extreme facility with which every man of books may make himself acquainted with most points of geographical knowledge, whenever he has occasion for this knowledge. Maps are generally at hand, or easily procured, and when we are not certain, it becomes us to take the trouble to enquire, especi- ally as that trouble is, in most cases, extremely small. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden P. J. DESAULT'S Treatise on Fractures, Luxations, and other Morbid Affections of the Bones, has just been translated by Dr. C. Cald- well, of Philadelphia. Desault was chief surgeon to the Hotel Dieu at Paris, and enjoyed the highest re- putation, and most extensive prac- tice. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden THERE has lately been publish- ed by T. and J. Swords, of New York, The Life of Samuel Johnson, D. D., the first president of King's College, in New York, containing many interesting anecdotes, a gene- ral view of the state of religion and learning in Connecticut, during the former part of the last century, &c., &c. By Thomas Bradbury Chand- ler, D. D., formerly rector of St. John's church, Elizabethtown, New Jersey. To which is added an ap- pendix, containing many original letters, never before published, from bishop Berkely, archbishop Secker, bishop Lowth, and others, to Dr. Johnson. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden THERE will shortly be published a poem, of which our present num- ber contains an extract, entitled, The Foresters. It is large, and comprehends a great variety of scenery and character, and incidents faithfully pourtrayed from nature, and but little known in our modern artificial book-made rhymes. From the specimen now before us, toge- ther with many other samples of the author's talents, which have come under our observation, we en- tertain very sanguine expectations of the present performance. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden MR. OWEN BIDDLE, architect of Philadelphia, a young man, whose taste, genius, and enterprise lay strong claim to approbation, has just published a work, entitled, The Young Carpenter's Assistant; or, a System of Architecture, adapted to the style of building customary in the United States. He has embel- lished his work with valuable de- signs and elevations of some of the principal structures in the city of Philadelphia, and with plans and descriptions of the bridge over Schuylkill. Fri, 01 Nov 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary Intelligence. Brown, Charles Brockden MR. DUNLAP, who announced, last summer, his intention of pub- lishing his Dramatic Works, by subscription, in ten volumes, has met with sufficient success to justify his putting the first volume in the press. A portrait of Mrs. Wignell, engraved by Edwin, will accompany the first, and a likeness of some one eminent performer will be given in each succeeding volume. Mr. Dun- lap, we understand, has been many years engaged in collecting mate- rials for a history of the American stage, to be accompanied by biogra- phical sketches of the performers, with well engraved likenesses. Sun, 01 Dec 1805 12:00:00 GMT A Literary Lady. Brown, Charles Brockden MOST men are desirous of being thought learned; but there was a time, when learning was thought to reflect, not honour, but some degree of discredit on the female sex.— Strange caprice and perverseness of fashion! To spell badly was in- excusable in a man, but some ladies placed a kind of honour in mis-spell- ing; and there are illustrious wo- men on record, who thought it ne- cessary to their good name to coun- terfeit an ignorance which they had not, and knowingly to commit blun- ders in style and spelling, at which a school-boy of ten years old would have blushed. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT Literary News from England. Brown, Charles Brockden BELSHAM has completed his History of Great Britain, from the Revolution, 1688, to the conclusion of the treaty of Amiens, 1802; and the eleventh and twelfth, or conclud- ing, volumes, will make their ap- pearance in a few days. This valua- ble publication will then constitute the only history of Great Britain, during the same important period, which has been the work of a single writer. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT A Literary Wife. Brown, Charles Brockden NOTHING is so terrible, to most men, as a literary wife. Indeed, nothing is so rare. Whatever a woman is, as to literature, science, or the arts, before marriage, she generally lays aside all her learning with her maiden state. Other avo- cations then engross her attention, and either her mind is not suffi- ciently capacious, or her taste suffi- ciently versatile, to enable her to divide her time between her old pursuits and her new. One of them must be neglected for the other, and the happiness of life is probably pro- moted by the preference usually given, in this dilemma, to the occu- pations of a nurse and housekeeper. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Longevity. Brown, Charles Brockden THE notion, generally admitted, that longevity is, in some cases, a sort of family or hereditary distinc- tion, might be productive of some striking consequences in a moral view. How much of the system of popular morality is built upon the uncertainty of life! but this uncer- tainty, if not entirely taken away in relation to the members or descend- ants of a long-lived family, is much less than in relation to ordinary mor- tals. It is related, in a recent pub- lication, that the Maddocks, of Cum- berland, have been distinguished for longevity during a period of seven centuries. In consequence of which, the same estate has remained in the hands of lineal male heirs since the conquest, and the records of the fa- mily, for the last two centuries, af- ford no instance of a death, except by casualty or violence, at an ear- lier age than seventy-two. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Madelina. A Female Portrait. Brown, Charles Brockden MADELINA, you wish me to draw your character. What a strange wish, to be preferred by a young lady to a young man, who has seldom seen you, at times and in situ- ations which admit of no disguise, and which draw forth all our secret foibles, and who, at best, has neither a sober nor impartial judgment. Still, however, I will do my best. If I blame you, your pride may rea- sonably impute it to my ignorance; if I praise, your modesty will natu- rally suggest some doubts of the sincerity of one, who sets a very high value on your good opinion, and who thinks your smiles cheaply bought, even at the price of some duplicity. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT A Modern Sampson. Brown, Charles Brockden AMONG instances of extraordi- nary strength, the following, which is well attested, seems to be one of the most remarkable: Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Mrs. Barbauld and Miss Burney. Brown, Charles Brockden MRS. BARBAULD is generally known to us only as a poet and a writer of moral essays and tales. In like manner, Miss Burney appears before us merely as a writer of no- vels. To the honour of the sex, however, it is to be mentioned, that both these ladies have once been seduced into the paths of public and dignified eloquence. Two of the most eloquent productions of modern times claim these ladies for their authors. In 1793, Mrs. Barbauld, on occasion of a fast enjoined upon the nation, for the purpose of sup- plicating success to the war, recently engaged in with France, published a discourse, entitled Sins of the Go- vernment Sins of the Nation. In the same year, Miss Burney pub- lished an address to the British la- dies, in behalf of the emigrant French clergy. Both of these per- formances manifested a wisdom and eloquence, which no productions of the present age have exceeded. If I wanted to inspire a female with generous sentiments and a useful emulation, I should put these two pieces in her hands, rather ... Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Names of the Days and Months. Brown, Charles Brockden THE society of friends (or qua- kers) have religious scruples against the use of the names of days, which custom has established in the Eng- lish language. They think it impi- ous and idolatrous to call the third day of the week, for instance, Tues- day, because this name was origi- nally given in honour of an imagi- nary deity called Tuisco. In con- sequence of these scruples, they have laid aside the ordinary names, and adopted the numerical distinc- tion of first, second, third, and so on. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT National Liberty and Happiness. Brown, Charles Brockden WHERE is a nation free and happy to be found? These terms are thought to be correlative. A nation is said by some to be happy only as it is free. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT New Year's Day. A Fragment. Brown, Charles Brockden ........WHEN we reach a new year's day, we reach an eminence in the journey of life, where we are natu- rally prompted to pause, from which we have an opportunity of seeing a large portion of the road we have passed, and are powerfully induced to cast our view forward in search of futurity. Each one who has attained this height looks back and looks forward on a scene, and with emotions, peculiar to himself. What are my emotions? what is the scene which I have passed, and what the prospects which futurity discloses to my anxious view? Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Nightingale and the Mock-bird. Brown, Charles Brockden WE Americans who have never passed the ocean, and many of us, indeed, who have crossed it, are ut- ter strangers to the nightingale, except in description. In this way, indeed, there are few objects more familiar to us; since, in all the descriptive poets of the old world, from Virgil to Cowper, the nightin- gale is a perpetual theme of pane- gyric; and hence we have naturally imbibed a most profound veneration for this chief of natural musicians. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Notes from the Editor. Brown, Charles Brockden OF his many valuable correspon- dents, the editor has chiefly refrain- ed from any other kind of notice than is given by a prompt and ac- curate insertion of their communi- cations. This is the best proof he could give of his gratitude and ap- probation. Others, whose commu- nications have not been fully adapt- ed to the nature of his work, he has thought it most respectful and agree- able to their authors to pass over in silence. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Classical Learning. Brown, Charles Brockden I AM sorry to find that sensible and well meaning persons of both sexes have been influenced by the arguments or the authority of Mr. Godwin. I say of Godwin, for I have not seen the same sentiments in any other writer. He advises parents to give their sons a classical education, because, says he “they can never certainly foresee the fu- ture destination and propensities of their children.” This argument is very weak and inconclusive. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Collections of Paintings. Brown, Charles Brockden THE Hollanders, who are an in- dustrious, intelligent, and saving people, during the last century con- trived to make the productions of the fine arts subservient to com- merce. They justly observed, that fortunes acquired by trade and navi- gation soon give birth to a taste for, and love of, the fine arts; indeed almost a necessary consequence at- tached to the inheritance of wealth. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Didactic Poetry and the Georgics. Brown, Charles Brockden IN consequence of the decision of Aristotle, many a servile critic has denied the rank and praise of poe- try to didactic compositions. Many will argue, that Aristotle was as much in the right as Plutarch, and that Castelvetro was wrong. The stagirite pretended not to lay down rules a priori, but, from the best examples before him, formed a code of laws to guide the taste of his own and future ages. His judgment on the ode was formed from the sublime numbers of Pindar, and his notions of the epic from the nervous harmony of Homer; but, in the times of Aristotle, there was no didactic poet who vied with these great founders of lyric and heroic composition. Hesiod was a mere chronologist, and Theocritus, with much suavity of style, was too defective in spirit and energy for one inspired by the muses. The poem of Empedocles, “On the Nature of Things, and the Four Elements,” is totally lost, but ap- pears to be the only one that could plead in favour of didactic subjects, when Aristotle wrote. The candid and poli... Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Fortune Telling. Brown, Charles Brockden ONE who is not strongly fortified in incredulity will sometimes be half persuaded to believe in the preten- sions of those who discover future or distant events, by other means than the ordinary ones of sight and hear- ing. A story shall be related, so directly, consistently, and circum- stantially, that one who has not formed an invincible opinion, a pri- ori, that it cannot be true, can scarcely refuse his assent. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Mathematical Studies. Brown, Charles Brockden MATHEMATICIANS, in gene- ral, regard every other tract of hu- man pursuit as absolutely, or, at least, comparatively, futile and nu- gatory. If it were possible to light upon an impartial person, with un- questionable skill in the objects of his animadversion, I would submit the justice of this conclusion to him. I should even appeal to him whether the zeal of mathematicians arises from any other cause than the plea- sure which the understanding finds in the exercise of its own powers. Should he point out the various ap- plications of which mathematical truths are capable, to the ordinary comforts of society, to facilitating the measurement of land, the pas- sage of the ocean, the building of houses, and the like, I should not think my question satisfactorily an- swered: for, admitting the useful- ness of mathematics to this purpose, I am far from thinking that mathe- matical students owe their zeal to the contemplation of this purpose. On the contrary, I suspect that the ideas of abstract utility form no par... Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Persian Poetry and Hafiz. Brown, Charles Brockden OF late years, there has been a good deal said about Persian poetry, and several translations have been made from its volumes, from which many persons are inclined to infer, that this language is as well stored with genuine poetical treasure as any ancient or modern tongue of Europe. Whatever may be my taste, I have very strong poetical inclinations, and I have accordingly taken great pains to acquire as inti- mate an acquaintance with the Per- sian poetry, as my ignorance of the original language will permit. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT On Sudden Death. Brown, Charles Brockden I WAS lately in a company where the conversation turned upon the most eligible mode of dying. Vari- ous were the sentiments expressed upon this interesting subject. A lingering and natural death was ge- nerally preferred, because such a one afforded opportunity of peni- tence and reformation, and of ar- ranging all our private affairs. A violent death, if foreseen, possessed, indeed, most of these advantages, but then such a death is likely to be regarded with extreme reluctance; whereas it is the quality of disease to slacken the hold which the appe- tites and passions have of life, and to disrobe the terrestrial scene of most of its ordinary attractions. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT On the Flavian Ampitheatre at Rome. Brown, Charles Brockden WITH my peculiar taste, you will not wonder that the greatest objects of my curiosity in Rome were the Flavian amphitheatre and St. Peter's church. These are the greatest structures, in every point of view, which the world contains, and both evince the power and wealth of an imperial people. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT On the Form of Transferring Property. Brown, Charles Brockden NO method seems to be yet in- vented for preventing forgery of money, either of real coin, or of its representative in written or printed paper. By denouncing heavy pe- nalties against the act, by a vigilant police, and by rigorous execution of the laws prescribing these penal- ties, a great deal may be done. How much efficacy there is in such mea- sures is illustriously exemplified in Great Britain. Among the incon- ceivably immense sums (many thou- sands of millions of dollars) annually transferred from hand to hand, by means of a name carelessly scrawled by the owner of it on paper, there are not perhaps a thousand dollars in a year transferred by spurious or forged signatures. The easiest of all things is to imitate such signa- tures, in such a manner that the owner of the name would be enabled to perceive the falschood only by his recollection; and yet the dread of punishment makes this crime, one the easiest of perpetration, one liable to the strongest temptations, one for which the... Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT On the Merits of Cicero. Brown, Charles Brockden I HAVE contrived to read the greater part of the works of Cicero through, merely by taking up the volume, at any odd, unoccupied mo- ment, during the intervals, for in- stance, between my two dishes of coffee, or three pieces of bread, at breakfast. This morning I opened at the second Tusculan, and being somewhat in a sulky mood, by rea- son of some little domestic inconve- nience not worth relating, I failed to discover all that wisdom and elo- quence, of which I usually find a rich repast in these volumes. On the contrary, I really conceived a notion, from this dialogue, that Cice- ro, however great in other respects, was, upon the whole, both in theory and practice, but a poor philosopher. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT On the Recession of the District of Columbia. Brown, Charles Brockden THE recession of part of the dis- trict of Columbia appears, at pre- sent, to be the chief topic of political conversation, and engrosses the at- tention of congress. The motives of politicians are generally behind the screen, and public orators are accustomed to make use of every argument, in favour of their motions, except the one which really influ- ences their own belief, and directs their own conduct. Thus it may be reasonably suspected, that those who recommend a recession desire a change in the seat of government. The extreme inconvenience of the present seat of government could not be imagined or forseen by those who formed the constitution, or by those who chose the banks of the Potowmack for this seat. If they had been imagined, they would have effectually prevented the clause in the constitution relative to a new metropolis. These inconveniences induce some of the members of con- gress to wish for removal, but a certain tenderness or veneration for what is called public faith hinder... Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT Origin of Quakerism. Brown, Charles Brockden AMONG the whimsical ideas which have found harbour in the minds of the learned and ingenious, not the least remarkable, I think, is the hypothesis of a celebrated Welch antiquarian, that the society of quakers is only a continuation of the old bardic institution or reli- gion. In analyzing the principles of the ancient druidical religion, he is struck by the surprising coinci- dence between them and those of the amiable society of quakers. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Brown, Charles Brockden A NUMBER of gentlemen in Philadelphia have united in a plan for promoting the charming studies of sculpture, painting, and archi- tecture. A liberal subscription has been raised for purchasing ground and building a house, suitable for the reception and display of the finest monuments and models, which can be procured from abroad or suppli- ed at home. Sufficient funds have already been formed for these pur- poses. A plan for a building has been furnished by an amateur of great taste, and it is expected that a temple will speedily rise, in the most airy and desirable situation in the city. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Plan for the Improvement and Diffusion of the Arts, Adapted to the United States. Brown, Charles Brockden THE scarcity of taste and of skill in the fine arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture, in the United States, is a subject of great wonder to travellers. It is a pa- radox of difficult, but surely not of impossible, solution, that a ci- vilized, peaceful, free, industrious, and opulent nation, of four or five millions of persons, sprung from one of the most enlightened nations of the globe, and maintaining incessant intercourse with every part of Eu- rope, should have so few monuments of these arts among them, either in public or private collections. There was not a single public collection of this kind in the United States till the establishment of one, a few years since, at New York; and it is well known with what slender encouragement and support the rich have honoured the New York in- stitution. Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Polemical Passion. Brown, Charles Brockden WHEN Luther and his followers first dissented from the reigning re- ligion, they built their faith upon the bible only, instead of admitting into any partnership with the sacred volume, that monstrous mass of ho- milies and traditions, which the catholics allowed to possess a co- equal authority with the writings of Moses and Paul. The lutherans imagined that, in this choice, they substituted order for confusion, and simplicity for complexity; that they appealed to a standard of belief, clear, plain, and incapable of deceit- ful or double construction. How far this opinion was well founded, the history of the protestant sects will sufficiently evince. Thu, 01 Aug 1805 12:00:00 GMT Pope's Universal Prayer Examined. Brown, Charles Brockden WARBURTON tries to persuade us, that Pope's Universal Prayer is only a paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer. I can see no foundation for this notion: of the fifty-two lines that compose it, only two, That mercy I to others show That mercy show to me, appear to bear any resemblance to the Lord's Prayer. Of the rest, the whole tenor and spirit, if not ad- verse, does, at least, bear no simili- tude to that eloquent, sublime, and simple invocation. Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Progress of Geometry. Brown, Charles Brockden GEOMETRY, which, in its ori- ginal, was no more than the art of measuring the earth, has been very rarely applied to that purpose, in after times. Its votaries have been busily engaged in measuring sur- faces and figures, which can only exist in the imagination, such as circles, spheres, cones, and pyra- mids, of which, whatever applica- tions have been made to the men- suration of empyreal spaces, or ce- lestial bodies, there has seldom been any practical use made, in ascer- taining heights and distances upon the surface of the earth. Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT Recent European Intelligence, Literary and Philosophical. Brown, Charles Brockden A NEW society has lately been instituted in London, under the title of the Medical and Chirurgical So- ciety of London; the leading objects of which are to promote a spirit of harmony among the members of the profession. Dr. Saunders is the pre- sident. Tue, 01 Oct 1805 12:00:00 GMT Recent European Intelligence, Literary and Philosophical. Brown, Charles Brockden A NEW society has been lately instituted, under the title of the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London, the leading objects of which are to promote a spirit of harmony among the members of the profes- sion, and to serve as a centre for the communication of papers, which, from time to time, will be given to the public. The following names of the officers and council will justify the highest expectations of the ad- vantages to science which are likely to result from this institution: pre- sident, William Saunders, M. D., F. R. S.; John Abernethy, Esq., F. R. S., vice-president; Charles Roche- mont Aikin, Esq., secretary; Wil- liam Babington, M. D., F. R. S., vice-president; Matthew Baillie, M. D, F. R. S.; Thomas Bateman, M. D., F. L. S.; Gilbert Blane, M. D., F. R. S.; sir William Blizard, F. R. S., vice-president; John Cooke, M. D., F. A. S., vice-president; Astley Cooper, Esq, F. R. S., trea- surer; James Curry, M. D., F. A. S.; sir Walter Farquhar, bart., M. D.; Thompson Forster, Esq.; Al- gernon Frampt... Sun, 01 Dec 1805 12:00:00 GMT Remarkable Occurrences. Brown, Charles Brockden THE number of patients of the Philadelphia dispensary, from De- cember 1, 1803, to December 1, 1804, is 2,129 Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT Remarkable Occurrences. Brown, Charles Brockden IN the region of the sea-coast, from Maine to Virginia, the season appears to have been not only much more severe than winters past, but proportionably colder, and more abounding in snow, than in the inte- rior parts of the country. The in- terior, truly, is covered with a good depth of snow, and the weather has been severer than common. But on and towards the sea coast, south- ward and eastward, the snow ap- pears in many places deeper than it is here, and uniformly of greater depth than it has been known to be there for many years: the cold is proportionable. Stages have been impeded in every direction; the na- vigable streams and harbours fro- zen, commerce on the coast at a stand; no employment for the poor; fuel extremely scarce and dear, with most of the other necessaries of life; the poor have suffered beyond all description, to whom, we are happy to learn, the hand of charity has been extended, in all the populous sea-port towns, with an unexampled liberality. Fri, 01 Feb 1805 12:00:00 GMT Remarkable Occurrences. Brown, Charles Brockden Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Remarks on the Life and Minor Poems of Luis de Camoens. Brown, Charles Brockden Jaud facile emergunt quorum virtutibus obstat res angusta domi. Sun, 01 Sep 1805 12:00:00 GMT Report of the Committee Relative to the Establishment of Schools throughout the States of Pennsylvania, in such a Manner that the Poor May Be taught Gratis. Brown, Charles Brockden TO encourage the promotion of literature generally, the children of all our citizens ought to be taught at the public expence. In this way, no inviduous distinctions of rich and poor would be exhibited, nor would the feelings of any be unnecessarily wounded. The existing law on the subject holds out those distinctions, which, it is presumed, is a princi- pal reason that so few have em- braced its provisions. When we consider the manner in which the greater part of our schools are con- ducted; the great body of our schoolmasters deficient in the first principles of the language they at- tempt to teach; our youth in immi- nent danger of acquiring erroneous habits; and, add to this, the time that must be wasted in acquiring a useful degree of education, it is pre- sumed that a general plan of educa- tion may be adopted, that will have a tendency to prevent those evils, and be supported at as little expence to the community as the present. Young men will find it their inte- rest to qualify themselves for the off... Wed, 01 May 1805 12:00:00 GMT Romances. Brown, Charles Brockden A TALE, agreeable to truth and nature, or, more properly speaking, agreeable to our own conceptions of truth and nature, may be long, but cannot be tedious. Cleopatra and Cassandra by no means referred to an ideal world; they referred to the manners and habits of the age in which they were written; names and general incidents only were taken from the age and history of Alexander and Cæsar. In that age, therefore, they were not tedious, but the more delighted was the reader the longer the banquet was pro- tracted. In after times, when taste and manners were changed, the tale became tedious, because it was deemed unnatural and absurd, and it would have been condemned as tedious, and treated with neglect, whether it filled ten pages or ten volumes. Tue, 01 Jan 1805 12:00:00 GMT The Secret of Long Life. Brown, Charles Brockden THERE is a chimney in an an- cient house in this city (Philadel- phia), in which a fire was kept continually burning for upwards of forty years. The old gentleman who attended this mysterious flame died a very few years ago, and seems not to have succeeded in dis- covering the grand secret of which he was in search. Indeed he al- ways attributed his ultimate failure to the necessity of withdrawing his attention from the momentous pro- cess for a whole day, in consequence of the confusion and panic occasion- ed by the entry of the British army into Philadelphia. He lived and died what they called a violent tory or anti-revolutionist. After this event his hostile zeal was more ar- dent than ever; for, says he, what was it deprived the world and me of this great discovery but the war? Fri, 01 Mar 1805 12:00:00 GMT Shakespeare Re-examined. Brown, Charles Brockden THE remarks made, in a former number, on the similies of Shakes- peare, has not met with the appro- bation of all your readers. Some objection was made by the critic to the terms made use of by Troilus, when, speaking of his efforts to dis- guise his uneasiness, he says, that “his sigh was buried in wrinkle of a smile.” Sat, 01 Jun 1805 12:00:00 GMT Shakespeare's Similes. Brown, Charles Brockden DAINTIES are said to be dain- ties only when eaten rarely and sparingly. Sweets cloy, and good things grow stale, by repetition and excess. Some have maintained that these maxims hold good with regard to intellectual, as well as corporeal dainties, but, I suspect, the analogy is fallacious. The more we banquet upon poetry, painting, and music, the more is our appetite enlarged, and our relish improved. The deeper we go into these pursuits, the harder does it become to extri- cate ourselves from their allure- ments, and transfer our thoughts to other objects. Mon, 01 Apr 1805 12:00:00 GMT